Die Liste der Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten führt die Staatsoberhäupter in der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vollständig auf. Neben allen Personen, die das Amt als Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten nach Inkrafttreten der US-amerikanischen. Liste aller 45 Präsidenten der USA: Von George Washington bis Donald Trump. Liste aller Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika: Präsident. Donald Trump wurde am 8. November zum US-Präsidenten gewählt. Mit seinem Vorhaben eines Mauerbaus entlang der mexikanischen Grenze.
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In the summer of , Chen again became the chairman of the DPP. During his tenure, images of Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo disappeared from public buildings.
Also continuing a trend from the previous administration, the Education Ministry revised the school curriculum to be more Taiwan-centered.
Such a pledge seemed unlikely for Chen since there remained strong opposition within his own party. Despite these symbolic gestures, Chen moved away from "no haste, be patient" policy and opened the three mini links.
In late , he signed a controversial referendum bill, which he had supported but was heavily watered down by the Pan-Blue majority legislature.
One concession that the legislature made was to include a provision for an emergency defensive referendum and during the legislative debates it was widely believed that this clause would only be invoked if Taiwan was under imminent threat of attack from China as has been so often threatened.
Pan-Blue believed that his bill was only intended to benefit Chen in the coming election, as whether PRC removes the missiles would not be pressured or decided by referendum result.
His use of the referendum in combination with his talk of a new constitution lead many among his reunification critics to believe that he would attempt to achieve Taiwan independence in his second term by invoking a referendum to create a new constitution that would formally separate Taiwan from any interpretation of China.
Chen was reportedly shot in the stomach while campaigning in the city of Tainan on Friday, March 19, , the day before polls opened on Saturday.
He left the hospital on the same day with 14 stitches. His Vice President Annette Lu was also reportedly shot in the leg in the same incident.
After the election, video from the hospital Chen and Lu were taken to showed Chen walking into the hospital after the Presidential Office Secretary General said that he had been taken in.
The opposition made many allegations into the conduct of the security and hospital procedures requiring Chen and Lu to change parts of their stories in order for it to make sense.
While many theories were put forth, the opposition had no access to the physical evidence so the Criminal Investigation Bureau CIB refuted them.
The following day, Chen narrowly won the election with a margin of less than 30, votes out of Both of his referendum proposals were rejected due to insufficient turnout, in part by the Pan-Blue boycott.
Those that did vote for the referendum overwhelmingly favored it. Due to the activation of the so-called National Security Mechanism which prevented military officers from voting, and island-wide reports of election fraud, Pan-Blue candidate Lien Chan refused to concede and sued both for a recount and for a nullification of the outcome while supporters held a week-long protest led by the Pan-Blues front of the presidential office in Taipei.
He also claimed that the shooting was staged by Chen to win sympathy votes. Chen claimed that the shooting could not have been staged, because it would be too dangerous to have himself shot in a moving jeep and also challenged Lien and vice-presidential candidate James Soong to try their luck with a shooter in a stationary jeep.
This challenge was based on the assumption that his belly wound was inflicted while he was in the moving jeep and not before or afterwards.
The opposition also raised the fact that Chen had faked a food poisoning incident while running for Tainan County Commissioner in Chen arrived at a debate on a stretcher accusing the KMT of poisoning his tea earlier.
Later that night after the debate, Chen was seen as having no ill-effects from the apparent incident which prompted the opposing candidate to accuse him of staging the incident to garner sympathy.
The CIB hired renowned forensic scientist Henry Lee forensic scientist to examine the physical evidence. Henry Lee was famous for defending O.
Henry Lee and his team of Americans had previously established the belly wound was in fact a gunshot wound, and then claimed the windshield hole had been struck from the outside based on the lack of windshield powder outside the jeep.
Several months later, Lee released a report on the evidence and suggested to the CIB to trace the suspect according to the casings and bullets.
In March , Chen Yi-hsiung, a local Tainan resident, was the main suspect for the shooting but allegedly committed suicide 8 days after the election.
The CIB closed the case in August implicating him as the shooter. Another report reached by the CIB task force concludes that the two bullets could not have come from the same pistol because a 9.
Throughout the election, Chen planned to hold a referendum in on a new constitution to be enacted upon the accession of the 12th-term president in May After the election, he sought to reassure critics and moderate supporters that the new constitution would not address the issue of sovereignty, and that the current constitution was in need of comprehensive reform after more than a decade of patchwork revision.
The first is that he is ideologically committed to advancing Taiwan independence and that his actions are intended to systematically remove the constraints which prevent this from occurring.
Seen in this light, his actions are intended to provoke a crisis in which the PRC must either start a war or accept independence, with the expectation that the PRC would back down.
Ironically, this interpretation of his actions is shared both among his most fervent supporters who think it is a good thing and his most bitter opponents who think that it is a bad thing.
It is largely to counter this possibility that the PRC has issued statements that it will definitely go to war if certain red lines are crossed.
However, they in reality carry little meaning, as Beijing has made such statements warning against electing former President Lee and Chen in the and elections, which both failed to materialize.
Some people regard these statements now as reverse psychology, as Lee and Chen may help to weaken ROC and advance the unification process.
He also alienated some pro-independence supporters. Therefore, Chen was forced to take a more assertive approach both as a negotiation tactic with the PRC and to keep support from his core supporters.
This strategy is consistent with the oft-stated position that Taiwan would only seek independence as a preemptive measure in the face of evidence of PRC military aggression.
However, even this interpretation provokes unease among many people, especially among policy makers in the PRC and the United States.
The first problem is that this interpretation makes Chen seem like an old-style Taiwan politician that seems to say whatever pleases people.
The second, more serious problem is the fear that through misunderstanding and misinterpretation, Chen may have provoked a war without intending to do so, as the PRC has repeatedly claimed that any progress towards independence would provoke war.
On May 20, , Chen was sworn in for his second term as President amid continued mass protests by the pan-blue alliance over the validity of his re-election.
Having heard protests from pro-independence figures in Taiwan, he did not explicitly re-state the Four Noes and One Without but did state that he reaffirmed the commitments made in his first inaugural.
He defended his proposals to change the constitution, but asked for constitutional reform to be undertaken through existing procedures instead of calling for a referendum for an entirely new constitution which was proposed by former president Lee Teng-hui.
This would require approval by a three-fourths majority of the National Assembly which could authorize a referendum. This has two major implications.
First, by going through existing constitutional amendment procedures, this has the symbolic effect of maintaining continuity with the existing constitution which was originally written in China.
Second, this has the practical effect of requiring the Chen administration to get the consent of the opposition Pan-Blue coalition to pass any amendments, and while the opposition is willing to consider constitutional reforms that would increase governmental efficiency, they are unlikely to support anything that would imply a de jure declaration of independence.
However, even these seemingly conciliatory gestures did not quell unease by his critics at his election. Some have pointed out that he qualified his statements on the constitution with the statement that this is a personal suggestion.
Furthermore, it is widely believed in Taiwan that some of these gestures were essentially forced on him again by pressure from the United States and the PRC.
The PRC has stated many times that it cares little about what Chen says, but will watch closely in the next few months to see what he does, a standard sentence that Communist China continues to quote.
In that declaration, China accused Chen of continuing with a creep toward independence, having merely paid lip service to his commitments in his first term of office, and reiterated that there would be consequences if Chen did not halt policies toward Taiwan independence , but at the same time offered major concessions if Chen would accept the One China Principle.
Criticism has been made of this, citing contradictory arguments used, such as that the weapons were not what Taiwan needed, or that the weapons were a good idea but too expensive.
By late , the KMT had signalled it would support some of the arms sale being approved, but failed to pass a revised arms bill by the end of the legislative session in early , despite promises by then KMT chairman, Ma Ying-jeou , to do that.
Chen announced on December 5 that state-owned or private enterprises and foreign offices bearing the name "China", such as China Airlines , the China Steel Corporation , and Chinese Petroleum Corporation , would be renamed to bear the name "Taiwan.
In this religious ceremony where U. Bush greeted Iranian President Khatami, Chen did not seem to attempt making a high profile of himself by reaching out to other heads of states such as Bush or British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
Chen was named one of the Time for Later in the year, Chen traveled to Miami in stopover for a forum in the Caribbean. He met with members of the U.
Congress through video conference and was invited to visit Washington, D. On his way back, he was originally scheduled to fly through San Francisco.
However, he changed course and stopped-over at the United Arab Emirates. The head of state greeted him and hosted a formal state dinner, infuriating the Chinese officials.
Chen made his way back after making a stopover at Jakarta. His request for a pitstop at Singapore was denied; authorities cited weather problems.
He was hoping to stop by either San Francisco or New York City to refuel and stay overnight, but the US refused his request instead limiting him to a brief refuelling stopover in Anchorage, Alaska where Chen would not be allowed to step off the plane.
The trip to Latin America will continue, however, without a US stopover. The US State Department claimed that the Alaska stopover offer was consistent with its previous accommodations.
However, former Taiwan president Lee Teng-hui was granted a visit to Cornell University eleven years ago. Laura Bush was also present to represent U.
During the same period of time, from onward, the Democratic Progressive Party has also seen seven different chairmen.
In May , his approval rating, as determined by the TSU , fell to 5. On May 24, , his son-in-law, Chao Chien-ming , was taken into custody by the Taipei police on charges of insider trading and embezzlement by the opposition party.
This was a setback for the Chen Shui-bian administration. On June 1, , Chen declared that he was handing control of governmental matters to Premier Su Tseng-chang and announced he would not be involved in campaigning.
He also stated that he was retaining authority on matters that the Constitution required him to retain authority over, presumably foreign affairs and defense policy, as well as relations with the PRC.
In a press release issued by the Presidential Office responded that the president assured the investigators that he did not pocket a single cent of the fund.
During questioning at the Presidential Office on the afternoon of August 7, , the president detailed to the prosecutor how he spent the fund and presented relevant receipts and bank remittance statements.
The prosecutor of the case indicated that once Chen left office, his office would start the procedures to press charges against Chen.
The indictment filed by prosecutors states that the indicted persons obtained government funds earmarked for secret foreign affairs, yet of six supposed secret diplomatic missions, there was sufficient evidence presented for only two.
Of the remaining four, it was concluded that one did not exist, and in the case of the other three, the invoices presented were not found to be related to the secret missions.
The Pan-Blue coalition , after receiving the news, demanded to call for another recall motion unless Chen resigned immediately. Another small party that backed Chen previously, Taiwan Solidarity Union, said Friday they would likely to support the upcoming recall measure.
Leaders of the Democratic Progressive Party met together to discuss the unfavorable charges. The meeting ended when party leaders demanded Chen to explain the accusation within three days.
There has long been crumbling inside the DPP that Chen has become their liability and should recall him before the presidential election.
If Chen resigned, he would be the first Taiwanese president to step down and the vice-president, Annette Lu , would likely take power.
After the prosecutor announced the indictment news, the campaign leader Shih proclaimed that the indictment was the historical high point in Taiwan and the month-long campaign was a success.
In a press conference November 5, , Chen rebutted the charges against his wife and members of his Presidential office. He said that Taiwan government offices advised him to prepare the receipts in such a fashion, and that after six years of doing so, it is strange that they would never mention an irregularity if it was not the right way to do it.
He promised that all of the money actually went to diplomatic missions and did not go into any private pockets. Furthermore, he mentioned that when he took office, he thought his salary was so excessive that he cut his own salary in half, and that reduction is more than the amount he is accused of embezzling, so there is no need for him to take that money.
In addition, he said that if the charges against his wife were proven in a court of law just as they were charged, then he would at that time step down as President of the Republic of China.
In defense of Chen, journalist Therese Shaheen of The Wall Street Journal Asia pointed out that controversy surrounding Chen can be in part attributed to the radical reforms he has tried to implement since stepping into power.
In mid-June , opposition pan-blue camp lawmakers initiated a recall motion that would allow the voters to remove Chen from power via a public referendum.
Of lawmakers in the Legislature, all pan-blue and independent legislators voted in favor of the measure, 29 votes short of the two-thirds majority needed to pass the motion.
Pan-Green legislators from the allied TSU cast abstaining ballots. No legislator voted against the recall motion.
After Wu was indicted, the Pan-Blue parties renewed calls to recall Chen, and TSU at first indicated that it would support the recall this time, but then said it would only support the new recall motion if "concrete evidence concerning corruption is presented.
On September 1, , political activist Shih Ming-te launched an " anti-corruption campaign ". The movement accused Chen of corruption and asked for his resignation.
According to organisers, around , to , people joined the protest outside the presidential offices, but the police used aerial photography crowd counting techniques to put the number at about 90, Chen stepped down on May 20, , the same day that Ma Ying-jeou took office as the new President of the Republic of China.
He was placed under restrictions, such as confinement to Taiwan, by prosecutors as a result of allegations of corruption and abuse of authority , both of which he was later charged guilty of.
After two years of investigation, it was found that Chen Shui-bian received millions from the owners of the TCC Company after the government bought the Longtan land, which was then integrated into the Science Park project.
The number of bodyguards assigned to former presidents and vice presidents who are convicted of corruption in a first trial will also be reduced.
Chen had been admitted to hospital after public protest and support. He suffers serious health problems and refuses to eat.
He suffers from paranoia of food poisoning, but he was diagnosed with serious sleep apnea. He has a stuttering in his speech, tremor of the hands, cerebral syndrome, loss of memory, brain atrophy, deterioration of the brain, and cannot walk properly.
He attempted suicide on Sunday, June 2, , but was unsuccessful. This has the implication that a declaration of independence is unnecessary as Taiwan is already independent.
This view point, however, is subject to change in each election campaign. His supporters saw these positions as creative and indicative of a willingness to compromise.
However, it was also common among his opponents in Taiwan, as well as among policy makers in China and the pro-PRC United States politicians to see his statements in their own much darker terms.
Many among his critics especially those from the Pan-Blue coalition believed that his positions and actions showed that his seemingly conciliatory statements were merely a smokescreen to advance a hidden agenda of advancing de facto Taiwan independence.
President Chen admitted that he leans towards independence but his main position is opposition to adopting the One China principle since it prevents Taiwanese people from being able to decide upon their own future.
On February 28, , Chen announced the National Unification Council , set up in , and its guidelines, which had committed Taiwan to unification if China adopts democracy, would "cease to function".
Die Ernennung der obersten Richter erfolgt auf Lebenszeit. Die Befugnis zur Ernennung der sonstigen Bundesbeamten ist vom Kongress mit Ausnahme der wichtigsten Positionen weiterdelegiert worden.
Diese Ernennung gilt jedoch nur bis zum Ende der jeweiligen Sitzungsperiode des Senates. In solch einem Fall spricht man von einem Divided government.
Das Impeachment ist kein politisches, sondern ein strafrechtliches Verfahren. Der Kongress hat das Recht, mit einer Zweidrittelmehrheit solche Bewerber trotzdem zuzulassen.
Seit begrenzt der Die Finanzierung erfolgt im Wesentlichen durch Spenden. Die Regeln der Vorwahlen sind sehr komplex und variieren in jedem Bundesstaat und auch zwischen den Parteien.
Sie werden zudem bei jeder Wahl modifiziert. Wer an den Caucuses bzw. Primaries teilnehmen darf, ist ebenso unterschiedlich. Die Zuteilung der Delegierten erfolgt bei den Demokraten im Wesentlichen proportional zum Wahlergebnis.
Die nationale Partei legt u. Vielmehr ist es so, dass nach und nach Kandidaten aufgeben, die keine Erfolgschance mehr sehen.
Die Republikaner haben auch ungebundene Delegierte. Dies gelingt nur den wenigsten Parteien. November statt, also am 2.
November, in einem Jahr, das ohne Rest durch vier teilbar ist , , …, , , usw. Dieser Tag hat folgenden Hintergrund: Zum einen sollte die Wahl nach der Ernte stattfinden.
Die aktuelle Regelung besteht seit Dies kam bislang bei den Wahlen , , , und vor. Der offensichtliche Gewinner am Wahltag wird, bis er seine erste Amtsperiode antritt, als President-elect deutsch: Ein solcher Fall ist jedoch angesichts der meist eindeutigen Zweiteilung des amerikanischen Parteiensystems seit rund zweihundert Jahren nicht mehr vorgekommen.Einer Wiederwahl im Jahr stellte er sich nicht. Damit werde der Weg bereitet, um "zwei der wichtigsten Ziele" der damals von den werder bundesliga Präsidenten verabschiedeten gemeinsamen Erklärung zu erreichen. Eine Person kann online depot vergleich höchstens knapp zehn Jahre Präsident sein, zweimal vier Jahre als gewählter Wo kann ich mit paysafe zahlen und davor knapp zwei Jahre als nachgerückter Vizepräsident. Diese Gegenstände sollten veranschaulichen, was bei Grenzkontrollen beschlagnahmt wurde. Für den Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten gibt es mehrere Akronyme Wort aus Abkürzungen oder Initialen sowie Hotmsi sinnhafte, oft häufig gebrauchte Umschreibung anstelle der korrekten Amtsbezeichnung. Januar enden sollte, sei auf Bitte des Heimatschutzministeriums bis zum He levied large fines on polluters park inn berlin casino reformed public works contracts. He was reelected to another three-year term inbut resigned in two bonus casino senza deposito immediato 2019 to become mayor. The second, more serious problem is the fear that through misunderstanding and misinterpretation, Chen may have provoked a war without intending to do so, as the PRC has repeatedly claimed that any progress towards independence would provoke war. There has long been crumbling inside the DPP that Chen has become their liability and should recall him before the presidential election. Nachdem Donald Trump am Republic of China presidential election, Views Read Woollaston View history. Another small party that backed Chen previously, Taiwan Solidarity Union, said Friday they would likely to support the upcoming recall measure. Several months later, Lee released a report on the evidence and suggested casino videos on youtube the CIB to trace the suspect according to the casings and bullets. Trump wins in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania" präsidentschaft usa, abgerufen Another empire bs.to reached by the CIB task force concludes that the two bullets could not have come from the same pistol because a 9. Such a pledge seemed unlikely britz new zealand Chen since there remained strong opposition within his own party.